Antibiotic resistance is a serious worldwide problem, and it’s happening in Australia. The World Health Organization has warned that antibiotic resistance is one of the greatest threats to human health today.Antibiotic resistance happens when bacteria change to protect themselves from an antibiotic. Bacteria become resistant when their genes mutate after being in contact with an antibiotic. These changes allow the bacteria to survive or 'resist' the antibiotic, so that the antibiotic no longer works to kill the bacteria or stop them from multiplying.
Skin is the first part of your body to show age. You might notice wrinkles, age spots, dryness and sagging. Your skin also becomes thinner and loses fat, making it less plump and smooth. While age-related changes are inevitable, they are not universally embraced. A desire for younger looking skin can be satisfied with healthy lifestyle choices and good skin care.
Arthritis is a name for a group of conditions affecting the joints. One of the most common types of arthritis is osteoarthritis. When a joint is affected by osteoarthritis, the cartilage that protects the ends of the bones deteriorates and wears away. As the damage progresses, the joint loses its smooth movement and may become larger and inflamed. Osteoarthritis may affect people in different ways, however the most common symptoms include: pain, stiffness or reduced movement of a joint, swelling, and a sense of warmth and redness may appear around the affected joint.
Your baby's skin is more sensitive and delicate than an adult’s. It is usually thinner, less oily, and less resistant to bacteria and harmful substances in the environment, so it can be easily irritated. A good daily skincare routine can help to ensure that your little one has the best chance of healthy skin. Special care needs to be taken when selecting what products to use on your baby's delicate skin.
Cholesterol is an essential type of fat that is carried in our blood. All cells in our body require cholesterol for many processes, such as hormone production and helping our body use Vitamin D. Our body generally makes all the cholesterol we need, thus there's no need to eat foods high in cholesterol.
Wearing a pair of new shoes, gardening without gloves, or getting severely sunburnt are all possible causes for a blister. A blister is a small pocket of fluid within the outer layer and inner layers of the skin. Although typically painful and annoying, a blister is a defence mechanism of our body. They can be caused by friction, usually from shoes or clothing, burns, or infection. Most blisters are filled with a clear fluid called serum; however blisters can be filled with blood, known as blood blisters, or with pus, if they become infected.
Everything that you put in your mouth and swallow, from food to medicines to liquids, is processed within your digestive system. Your digestive system breaks down foods that you eat into their simplest forms, like glucose (sugar), amino acids (that make up protein) or fatty acids (that make up fats)
Falling off a bike, being hit by a ball or catching your finger in a car door can all leave you with a nasty bruise. A bruise is a common injury caused when small blood vessels under the skin are broken and bleed. Initially a bruise will appear red or purplish and is tender to touch. After several days, the bruise will change colour and appear blue or black, then green or yellow and eventually fade.
Everyone has their own usual bowel habit. Constipation is a common digestive system problem, in which you are unable to open your bowels and pass a motion as easily or as often as usual, and it is often accompanied by hard, dry stools (faeces, bowel motions, poo). In terms of frequency, what constitutes constipation for one person may be normal for someone else. That's because the normal frequency of bowel movements varies widely for individuals from three times a day to three times a week. What's normal for you may not be normal for someone else.
Gout is a common and very painful type of arthritis. While most other types of arthritis develop slowly, an attack of gout can happen suddenly and often overnight. Gout is caused by a build up of one of our body's waste products, uric acid. When uric acid accumulates in our bloodstream, it can settle in and around our joints and form tiny, jagged, needle-shaped crystals. As a result of these crystals, your joint can be left feeling hot, swollen, red, painful and often very sensitive.
A chesty cough, otherwise known as a productive cough, is one that produces mucus. The cause of a chesty cough could be the result of a bacterial infection, allergy or viral infection. It is important to take note of the colour of the mucus that is brought up during a chesty cough to help determine the cause.
A stuffy nose, otherwise known as nasal congestion or simply the sniffles, is usually caused by inflamed blood vessels in the tissue lining of the nose. This could be a result from the common cold or flu, allergies or a sinus infection. Nasal congestion typically subsides over a week, however it is best to seek medical advice if other warning symptoms are experienced. Otherwise, there are a range of products from the pharmacy that can help unblock a stuffy nose and help boost your immune system for a speedier recovery.
Hives, medically known as urticaria, is a common skin rash that is characterised by red, itchy, raised welts. Often these welts can appear like a group of mosquito bites. They consist of raised lines (weals) that have a red margin and are pale in the centre. Hives is a common allergic reaction, and can occur anywhere on your body, but most commonly appear on your trunk (chest), throat, arms and legs. After you are exposed to a 'trigger' or 'allergen', your body releases a chemical called histamine, which causes itching and swelling. The most common trigger for hives is an infection, however medications;
Dental pain or a 'toothache' may present in several ways, none of which is pleasant. The type and nature of the pain you are experiencing is usually an indicator of what may be the underlying cause. Although a visit to the dentist may not be high up on your list of 'most fun things to do', seeing your dentist on a regular basis, once or twice a year, is essential. It is important see your dentist promptly if you experience any of the following: Severe tooth, gum or jaw pain; Red, swollen or bleeding gums; Persistent sensitivity to sweet, hot or cold foods or drinks that cannot be relieved by desensitising toothpaste;
There is no ideal weight that suits everybody. Each person is different and your weight is determined by a number of different factors, such as age, height, family history, gender and your metabolism. Reaching and maintaining your healthy weight is important for your overall health and can help you prevent and control many diseases and conditions for the future. There are several key measures that can help you assess if you are in your healthy weight range. Some common measures which are used include...
Acne is the most common of skin diseases. Very few people manage to escape their teenage and young adult years without experiencing some pimples and blackheads. Acne happens when the oil glands (pores) in the skin become blocked. Hormones make the oil glands produce more oil (sebum) and if the pores are blocked, a build-up occurs and you've got acne. Acne usually starts at puberty when increased levels of sex hormones cause an increase in the size and oil production of glands. Acne in boys usually settles during their early 20s. If you're female, you're more likely to suffer with ongoing acne. In some cases, this means acne can be hanging around even in your 30s and 40s.
Falls are one of the most common accidents amongst older people and can affect one's lifestyle and independence. Contrary to popular belief, falls are not inevitable and many older people can be prevented from falling. Below are some simple tips on how to improve the safety of your home, both inside and out, to help prevent falls. A safer home can help you maintain an independent lifestyle. Improving safety inside your home. Have adequate lighting. You may like to use plug-in nightlights and have movement sensitive lights near stairs and your bathroom.
Teething is one of your baby's developmental milestones, and sometimes this journey can be tough for both parents and babies. It helps to know what to expect when your child is teething and how to make the process a little less painful. For some babies, teething can be a painless process, but for others, it can be a very uncomfortable condition, causing distress to both you and your baby. There is no set date when your baby's first tooth will arrive. Babies usually start teething around 6 months of age; however, some babies start teething at any time between 3 months and 12 months of age. Some babies can even be born with teeth!
It is normal for anyone to feel sad or down from time to time. However, depression is an illness that leads to you feeling sad, down or miserable most of the time and makes it harder for you to function from day to day. As a result, depression can have a significant impact on your life and overall well being. There is strong and consistent evidence that people who experience depression or who are socially isolated (e.g. live alone or who are lonely), or do not have quality social support, are at greater risk of developing coronary heart disease. Thus anyone with depression should seek professional help, and talking to your Doctor or Advantage Pharmacist is the best first step.
Australia has many insects flying or crawling around, that bite or sting. While you can do some things to help avoid being bitten, bites and stings often happen and you need to be prepared. Most insect bites and stings are not poisonous and may cause a mild irritation that can easily be treated. However, some can be more severe and cause more serious reactions such as life-threatening allergy, known as anaphylaxis. It is important to seek urgent medical advice if you experience any of the following symptoms after a bite or sting...
A colonoscopy is a very common medical procedure. Most people who have had a colonoscopy would agree that the preparation is the worst part, since during the procedure, in most cases patients are given a light sedative and possibly pain medication to keep relaxed and pain free. The preparation for a colonoscopy is usually done at home, and can sometimes be quite challenging. It is always best to speak to your Doctor or Advantage Pharmacist if you have any concerns regarding the preparation for you colonoscopy.
Catching a cold and flu can sometimes be a pain, literally. Aches and pains are often associated with the common cold and flu and these symptoms can make you feel lousy. Fortunately, aches and pains usually subside after a week and can be relieved with certain over the counter medicines. It is important to consult your Doctor if pain persists for more than 10 days, or if you develop any of the following symptoms: High temperature over 38.5°C or chills; Severe headache or stiff neck;
Hayfever affects many Australians, and unfortunately children are not excluded. Children who get hayfever suffer most during spring and summer, when the pollen count in the air reaches its peak. However, this is not always the case. If your child is allergic to other allergens such as dust mites, mould and animal dander, they could experience hayfever symptoms anytime of the year. When a child inhales an allergen, such as pollen, irritation can occur to the delicate lining of their eyes, sinuses and nasal passages.
Back pain is a very common problem, and most of us will suffer from it at some point in our lives. The cause of back pain can vary from person to person; hence it is important to identify what might be causing your back pain. Most people injure their back by straining muscles or ligaments, however some back problems can build up over time, and be triggered by a sudden movement. Some cases of back pain settle with simple treatment, while others need more specialised care.